Pipelines Transport Billions of Barrels of Petroleum Products Each Year
Pipelines transport billions of barrels of crude oil and petroleum products each year. In 2013, transmission (non-gathering main trunkline or interstate) pipelines transported nearly 15 billion barrels of crude oil and petroleum products, including 8.3 billion barrels of crude oil and 6.6 billion barrels of petroleum products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc) and natural gas liquids (propane, ethane, etc). Crude oil deliveries by transmission pipelines in 2013 were 11.3% higher than 2012 deliveries. Crude oil deliveries by transmission pipelines are up 1.35 billion barrels over the last five years, a 19.4% increase from 2009 to 2013.
Pipelines Stretch Thousands of Miles Across the U.S.
Pipelines can stretch tens, to hundreds and even thousands of miles long. In total, there were 192,396 miles of liquids pipeline operating across the United States in 2013, including 60,911 miles of crude oil pipeline, 63,532 miles of refined petroleum products pipeline delivering gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and other refined products, and 62,742 miles of natural gas liquid pipeline transporting propane, ethane, and other industrial raw materials. Total liquids pipeline mileage has grown 16,431 miles or 9.3% in the last 5 years, with crude oil pipeline mileage growing 8,174 miles or 15.5% since 2009. Over the last 10 years, pipeline mileage is up 25,727 miles or 15.4%, with crude oil pipeline mileage growing 11,647 miles or 23.6% since 2004.
U.S. Liquids Pipeline Usage & Mileage Report
Pipelines Are the Lowest Cost Way to Deliver Petroleum Products
The cost to transport crude oil or petroleum products by pipeline is a fraction of the cost of other modes of transportation. The cost to ship crude oil by rail is generally $10 to $15 per barrel versus under $5 per barrel by pipeline.